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Rapid Soil Classification with Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
De-shuo, Meng; Nan-jing, Zhao; Ming-jun, Ma; Yan-hong, Gu; Yang, Yu; Li, Fang; Yuan-yuan, Wang; Yao, Jia; Wen-qing, Liu; Jian-guo, Liu
2017
Source PublicationSPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS
AbstractSoil classification is an important research content in soil science field. It is the basis of soil survey and resource evaluation which is important to agricultural production. There are many soil classification standards all over the world. China has two kinds of classifications including soil genetic classification and soil system classification. There are great differences between different types of soil elements, so it is feasible for soil classification to use laser induced breakdown spectroscopy. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a new element analysis technology which uses a laser pulse with high energy density to ablate samples. LIBS has been used in many fields including environmental protection and industrial production control. It can directly reflect the difference of element content in different soils. The experimental setup including an Nd: YAG laser, a spectrometer, a computer and a rotating platform. In the experiment 7 kinds of soil (red soil, brick red soil, lateritic red soil, paddy soil, cinnamon, alluvial soil and alpine meadow soil) including 25 samples were used. All soil samples were grinded and sieved before the experiment. Under the same experimental condition, the temperatures of the plasma created by the laser pulses on the surface of the different soil samples have great differences. The lateritic red soil had the highest temperature, and the alpine meadow soil had the lowest. But it was not enough to form the basis for classification. Therefore six constant elements including Si, Fe, Al, Mg, Ca and Ti were selected and their spectral line intensity were treated as classification index. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to simplify the classification process. The PCA method could simplify the 6 indexes to few independent indexes which could also reflect the spectral information of the 6 elements. The original spectral data was processed by Matlab. The process consisted of spectral background removal, characteristic spectrum identify and extraction. The classification results showed a three dimensional figure. Except alpine meadow soil which varied in element concentrations 6 kinds of soils achieved good classification. The brick red soil and lateritic red soil varied in PC1, but their PC2s and PC3s were the same. The two kinds of soil overlapped with each other and they couldn' t be separated. Back-propagation artificial network was also used to achieve soil classification. The classification results were the same with the PCA. Some brick red soil and lateritic red soil samples were identified inaccurately. When the PC1, 2, 3 were used as the input of the BP-neural network, the classification had much better accuracy because less input improved the performance of the BP-neural network. Only one alpine meadow soil sample was identified to cinnamon soil. When the plasma temperature was also taken into account, all the soil samples could be distinguished. The results showed that LIES could be used to classify soils based on their element content differences. The PCA, soil plasma temperature and BP-neural network were useful tools to achieve soil classification. The LIBS provides a useful tool for general detailed soil survey and rational utilization of soil.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordLaser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Soil Classification Principal Component Analysis Back-propagation Artificial Neural Network
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Technology
DOI10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2017)01-0241-06
WOS KeywordLIBS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaSpectroscopy
WOS SubjectSpectroscopy
WOS IDWOS:000392359300045
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.hfcas.ac.cn:8080/handle/334002/31664
Collection中科院安徽光学精密机械研究所
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Anhui Inst Opt & Fine Mech, Hefei 230031, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationAnhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
De-shuo, Meng,Nan-jing, Zhao,Ming-jun, Ma,et al. Rapid Soil Classification with Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy[J]. SPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS,2017,37(1):241-246.
APA De-shuo, Meng.,Nan-jing, Zhao.,Ming-jun, Ma.,Yan-hong, Gu.,Yang, Yu.,...&Jian-guo, Liu.(2017).Rapid Soil Classification with Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy.SPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS,37(1),241-246.
MLA De-shuo, Meng,et al."Rapid Soil Classification with Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy".SPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS 37.1(2017):241-246.
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