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Flower Development and Sex Determination between Male and Female Flowers in Vernicia fordii
Mao, Yingji1,2; Liu, Wenbo1,2; Chen, Xue1,2; Xu, Yang3; Lu, Weili1,2,4; Hou, Jinyan1; Ni, Jun1; Wang, Yuting1,2,5; Wu, Lifang1,2
2017-07-20
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE
Volume8
AbstractVernicia fordii is a monoecious and diclinous species with male and female flowers on the same inflorescence. Low female to male flower ratio is one of the main reasons for low yield in this species. However, little is known of its floral development and sex determination. Here, according to the results of scanning electron microscopy and histological analysis, the floral development of V. fordii was divided into 12 stages and the first morphological divergence between the male and female flowers was found to occur at stage 7. The male flowers are always unisexual, but the female flowers present bisexual characteristics, with sterile stamen (staminode) restricted to pre-meiosis of mother sporogenous cells and cell death occurring at later development stages. To further elucidate the molecular mechanism underling sex determination at the divergence stage for male and female flowers, comparative transcriptome analysis was performed. In total, 56,065 unigenes were generated and 608 genes were differentially expressed between male and female flowers, among which 310 and 298DEGs (differentially expressed genes) showed high expression levels in males and females, respectively. The transcriptome data showed that the sexual dimorphism of female flowers was affected by jasmonic acid, transcription factors, and some genes related to the floral meristem activity. Ten candidate genes showed consistent expression in the qRT-PCR validation and DEGs data. In this study, we provide developmental characterization and transcriptomic information for better understanding of the development of unisexual flowers and the regulatory networks underlying the mechanism of sex determination in V. fordii, which would be helpful in the molecular breeding of V. fordii to improve the yield output.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordTung Tree Monoecious Reproductive Development Staminode Sex Determination Transcriptomics
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; 31500531) ; 31500531) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; YZJJ201619) ; YZJJ201619) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; 31500531) ; 31500531) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; YZJJ201619) ; YZJJ201619)
DOI10.3389/fpls.2017.01291
WOS KeywordCUCUMIS-SATIVUS L. ; CELL-CYCLE ARREST ; REPRODUCTIVE-ORGANS ; FLORAL DEVELOPMENT ; UNISEXUAL FLOWERS ; ARABIDOPSIS ; PLANTS ; GENES ; MAIZE ; EXPRESSION
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; 31500531) ; 31500531) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; YZJJ201619) ; YZJJ201619) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(11375232 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KFJ-STS-ZDTP-002 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; President Foundation of Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences(YZJJ201502 ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; major special project of Anhui Province(16030701103) ; 31500531) ; 31500531) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; KFJ-SW-STS-143-4) ; YZJJ201619) ; YZJJ201619)
WOS Research AreaPlant Sciences
WOS SubjectPlant Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000406119900002
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.hfcas.ac.cn:8080/handle/334002/33527
Collection技术生物与农业工程研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Hefei Inst Phys Sci, Inst Tech Biol & Agr Engn, Key Lab Ion Beam Bioengn, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
2.Univ Sci & Technol China, Sch Life Sci, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
3.Anhui Agr Univ, Biotechnol Ctr, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
4.Anhui Med Univ, Sch Pharm, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
5.Anhui Acad Agr Sci, Sericultural Res Inst, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Mao, Yingji,Liu, Wenbo,Chen, Xue,et al. Flower Development and Sex Determination between Male and Female Flowers in Vernicia fordii[J]. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,2017,8.
APA Mao, Yingji.,Liu, Wenbo.,Chen, Xue.,Xu, Yang.,Lu, Weili.,...&Wu, Lifang.(2017).Flower Development and Sex Determination between Male and Female Flowers in Vernicia fordii.FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,8.
MLA Mao, Yingji,et al."Flower Development and Sex Determination between Male and Female Flowers in Vernicia fordii".FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE 8(2017).
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