HFCAS OpenIR  > 中科院安徽光学精密机械研究所
Investigating the performance of a greenhouse gas observatory in Hefei, China
Wang, Wei1; Tian, Yuan1,2; Liu, Cheng1,3,4; Sun, Youwen1; Liu, Wenqing1; Xie, Pinhua1; Liu, Jianguo1; Xu, Jin1; Morino, Isamu5; Velazco, Voltaire A.6; Griffith, DavidW. T.6; Notholt, Justus7; Warneke, Thorsten7
2017-07-25
Source PublicationATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
Volume10Issue:7Pages:2627-2643
AbstractA ground-based high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) station has been established in Hefei, China to remotely measure CO2, CO and other greenhouse gases based on near-infrared solar absorption spectra. Total column measurements of atmospheric CO2 and CO were successfully obtained from July 2014 to April 2016. The spectra collected with an InSb detector in the first year were compared with those collected by an InGaAs detector from July 2015, demonstrating that InGaAs spectra have better signal-to-noise ratios and rms of spectral fitting residuals relative to InSb spectra. Consequently, the measurement precision of the retrieved XCO2 and XCO for InGaAs spectra is superior to InSb spectra, with about 0.04 and 0.09% for XCO2, and 1.07 and 2.00% for XCO within clear-sky days respectively. Daily and monthly averages of columnaveraged dry air mole fraction of CO2 show a clear seasonal cycle, while the daily and monthly averages of XCO displayed no seasonal variation. Also, we analysed the relationship of the anomalies of XCO and XCO2, found that the correlations are only observable for individual days, and the data under different prevailing wind conditions during the observations displayed weak correlation. The observations based on the high-resolution FTS were also compared with the temporally coinciding measurements taken with a low-resolution solar FTS instrument, the EM27/SUN. Ratioing the daily averaged XCO2 of EM27 and FTS gives an overall calibration factor of 0.996 +/- 0.001. We also compared ground-based observations from the Tsukuba TCCON station with our observations, the results showing that the variation in phase and seasonal amplitude of XCO2 are similar to our results, but the variation of XCO in Tsukuba is quite different from our data in Hefei. To further evaluate our retrieved data, we made use of satellite measurements. The direct comparison of our observations with the Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite (GOSAT) data shows good agreement of daily median XCO2, with a bias of -0.52 ppm and standard deviation of 1.63 ppm. The correlation coefficient (R-2) is 0.79 for daily median XCO2 between our FTS and GOSAT observations. Daily median Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) data produce a positive bias of 0.81 ppm and standard deviation of 1.73 ppm relative to our ground-based data. Our daily median XCO2 also show strong correlation with OCO-2 data, with correlation coefficient (R-2) of 0.83. Although there were a limited number of data during the observations due to instrument downtime and adverse weather, the results confirm the suitability of the observatory for ground-based long-term measurements of greenhouse gases with high precision and accuracy, and fulfil the requirements of the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON).
SubtypeArticle
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; 41575021 ; 41575021 ; DP140101552 ; DP140101552 ; 91544212 ; 91544212 ; DP110103118) ; DP110103118) ; 41605018) ; 41605018) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; 41575021 ; 41575021 ; DP140101552 ; DP140101552 ; 91544212 ; 91544212 ; DP110103118) ; DP110103118) ; 41605018) ; 41605018)
DOI10.5194/amt-10-2627-2017
WOS KeywordCOLUMN OBSERVING NETWORK ; INSTRUMENTAL LINE-SHAPE ; FOURIER-TRANSFORM SPECTROMETER ; ATMOSPHERIC COMPOSITION CHANGE ; RETRIEVAL ALGORITHM ; SEASONAL CYCLE ; CARBON-DIOXIDE ; TCCON SITES ; ACOS-GOSAT ; CO2
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; 41575021 ; 41575021 ; DP140101552 ; DP140101552 ; 91544212 ; 91544212 ; DP110103118) ; DP110103118) ; 41605018) ; 41605018) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(41405134 ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; National Key Technology R&D Program of China(2016YFC0200800) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Anhui Province Natural Science Foundation of China(1308085MD79) ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; Australian Research Council(DP160101598 ; 41575021 ; 41575021 ; DP140101552 ; DP140101552 ; 91544212 ; 91544212 ; DP110103118) ; DP110103118) ; 41605018) ; 41605018)
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000406247700001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.hfcas.ac.cn:8080/handle/334002/33529
Collection中科院安徽光学精密机械研究所
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Anhui Inst Opt & Fine Mech, Key Lab Environm Opt & Technol, Hefei 230031, Anhui, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 10049, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sci & Technol China, Sch Earth & Space Sci, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Urban Environm, Ctr Excellence Urban Atmospher Environm, Xiamen 361021, Peoples R China
5.Natl Inst Environm Studies, Satellite Observ Ctr, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 3058506, Japan
6.Univ Wollongong, Sch Chem, Northfields Ave, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
7.Univ Bremen, Inst Environm Phys, POB 330440, D-28334 Bremen, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Wei,Tian, Yuan,Liu, Cheng,et al. Investigating the performance of a greenhouse gas observatory in Hefei, China[J]. ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES,2017,10(7):2627-2643.
APA Wang, Wei.,Tian, Yuan.,Liu, Cheng.,Sun, Youwen.,Liu, Wenqing.,...&Warneke, Thorsten.(2017).Investigating the performance of a greenhouse gas observatory in Hefei, China.ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES,10(7),2627-2643.
MLA Wang, Wei,et al."Investigating the performance of a greenhouse gas observatory in Hefei, China".ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES 10.7(2017):2627-2643.
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