HFCAS OpenIR  > 中科院安徽光学精密机械研究所
On the Causative Strokes of Halos Observed by ISUAL in the Vicinity of North America
Lu, Gaopeng1,2,3; Yu, Bingkun4; Cummer, Steven A.5; Peng, Kang-Ming6; Chen, Alfred B.7; Lyu, Fanchao5; Xue, Xianghui4; Liu, Fei8,9; Hsu, Rue-Ron6; Su, Han-Tzong6
2018-10-16
Source PublicationGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS
ISSN0094-8276
Volume45Issue:19Pages:10781-10789
Corresponding AuthorLu, Gaopeng(gaopenglu@gmail.com)
AbstractThe analysis of impulse charge moment change (iCMC) for the parent lightning strokes of 497 halos observed by the Imager of Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning near North America in 2004-2015 indicates that the majority were produced by negative cloud-to-ground strokes predominantly produced in oceanic and coastal thunderstorms. Positive halos are almost always accompanied by sprites, and negative sprites are usually associated with halos. There are limited observations of positive pure halos with supercritical iCMCs (> +320 C km), but there are many negative pure halos with supercritical iCMCs (> -500 C km), suggesting a critical role of impulse charge transfer duration in the formation of streamers. The halo-producing threshold of lightning strength does not considerably depend on the polarity. Due to the dependence on the timescale of impulse charge transfer for streamer development, many negative cloud-to-ground strokes with iCMCs exceeding the threshold for sprite production actually produce halos instead. Plain Language Summary Our previous analysis has shown some features for the parent lightning strokes of red sprites observed by the Imager of Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning in the vicinity of North America during a 12-year period from 2004 to 2015. In this paper, we extend the analysis to 497 halos observed by Imager of Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning in the same region and during the same time period. The results show that the majority (75%) of halos were produced by negative cloud-to-ground strokes, which are predominantly produced in oceanic thunderstorms. The duration of impulse charge transfer plays a critical role in the formation of sprite streamers. There are only very limited observations of positive pure halos with supercritical iCMCs (> +320 C km) for positive sprites, whereas there are many negative pure halos with supercritical iCMCs (> -500 C km) for negative sprites. Due to the dependence on the timescale of impulse charge transfer for the streamer development, many negative cloud-to-ground strokes with impulse charge transfer exceeding the threshold for sprite production actually produce halos instead.
Funding OrganizationNational Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China
DOI10.1029/2018GL079594
WOS KeywordCHARGE MOMENT CHANGES ; ELF RADIATION ; SPRITES ; TRIANGULATION ; EVENTS ; IONIZATION ; INITIATION ; CURRENTS ; SPACE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Basic Research and Development Program[2014CB441405] ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program[2017YFC1501501] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41574179] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[41622501] ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China[GE2015-01]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Key Basic Research and Development Program ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China ; Open Research Program of Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment (CAS), University of Science and Technology of China
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000448656800084
PublisherAMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.hfcas.ac.cn:8080/handle/334002/34565
Collection中科院安徽光学精密机械研究所
Corresponding AuthorLu, Gaopeng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Key Lab Middle Atmosphere & Global Environm Obser, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Univ Sci & Technol China, Key Lab Geospace Environm, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, State Key Lab Numer Modeling Atmospher Sci & Geop, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Sci & Technol China, Sch Earth & Space Sci, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
5.Duke Univ, Elect & Comp Engn Dept, Durham, NC USA
6.Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Dept Phys, Tainan, Taiwan
7.Natl Cheng Kung Univ, Inst Space & Plasma Sci, Tainan, Taiwan
8.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Earth Syst Modeling Ctr, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
9.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Climate Dynam Res Ctr, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Lu, Gaopeng,Yu, Bingkun,Cummer, Steven A.,et al. On the Causative Strokes of Halos Observed by ISUAL in the Vicinity of North America[J]. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,2018,45(19):10781-10789.
APA Lu, Gaopeng.,Yu, Bingkun.,Cummer, Steven A..,Peng, Kang-Ming.,Chen, Alfred B..,...&Su, Han-Tzong.(2018).On the Causative Strokes of Halos Observed by ISUAL in the Vicinity of North America.GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS,45(19),10781-10789.
MLA Lu, Gaopeng,et al."On the Causative Strokes of Halos Observed by ISUAL in the Vicinity of North America".GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 45.19(2018):10781-10789.
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